- The Polish and Prussian land owners - Junker and szlachta alike - had responded to the western demand for grain by exploiting the two commodities they had at hand: labour and land.
- The categorisation of rural change into the two alternative paths of Kulak and Junker is schematically useful, but does not exhaust the possible forms of agricultural development.
- "Mother," she said, "the Junker put Hitler in power."
- Lenin contrasted two types of development that can result from the penetration of capitalism in agriculture: the Kulak or American path and the Junker path.
- Industrialisation and the mechanisation of farming techniques would have inevitable knock-on effects within Prussian social structure, however, and the Junker land-owners - who dominated Prussian politics, the military and the agricultural economy, and who were the most entrenched and backward-looking group in Pomerania - could be counted on to resist all change.
- Give the old Junker that."
- The Junker path involves the increasing proletarianisation of the peasantry, who lose their plots to encroaching landlords (for a more detailed discussion of Kulak and Junker paths, see de Janvry 1981).
- And there were Junker and Junker .
- Besides, those old Junker -" she was about to say all those Junker but in deference to Omi did not - "they didn't all look nice.
- For this reason, many landowners have followed the Junker path, taking over the land of sharecroppers and colonos and compelling them to sell their labour on the open market.