- For the hardest work, like ploughing or dragging felled trees away, oxen were used.
- Then they utterly destroyed all in the city, both men and women, young and old, oxen, sheep, and asses, with the edge of the sword
- In 1242 Geoffrey de Langelegh was summoned by the abbot of Glastonbury to explain why he now had "one hundred and fifty goats and twenty oxen and cows beyond the number which he and his ancestors were wont always to have, to wit, sixteen oxen only".
- It was considered triple-purpose: the big oxen put to the plough, the cows milked and the steers fattened to feed (specifically) the mining and industrial areas of the Midlands and south Wales; the meat was produced in large joints but the proportion of bone to meat was high and the bone coarse.
- The skeletons found included rhinoceros; hippopotami; auroch; elephants; shorthorn oxen, and even the quite rare sabre-toothed cave tiger.
- The Cubans hope to make their own spare parts and replacements; lest that should fail, the state has set up a breeding-station for draft oxen.
- The threshing floors lay bare, pale, trodden and packed down in a circle around the post where the oxen had circled.
- Much greater attention is now being paid to the protection and management of wildlife - eg the seal population at Lake Baikal is increasing and beavers and musk oxen are re-producing normally.
- It could fatten on coarser feed than the Durham and was early maturing for beef, and the oxen could be good draught workers as well as slaughter beasts, though the cows were not good milkers.
- However, horns were generally seen as desirable, especially for harnessing plough oxen, and it was not until the eighteenth century that Scottish farmers began to breed selectively for the polled factor in order to make the cattle of Galloway easier to manage on the long droves to the London markets.
- By about 1000 BC much smaller cattle began to appear and they came to be called the Celtic oxen, their different skull shape giving rise to the term Bos brachyceros or Bos longifrons , though they were not in fact of a separate species but members of the Bos taurus species like other longhorns and shorthorns in temperate regions.
- Mopsus's father pursues an ordered and predictable way of life: "His Calves and Oxen were his only Care, / His homely Servants, and his smiling Heir" ML, 2, 11.
- To draw a heavy plough through wet clay soil, a pair of oxen, yoked together was used.
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